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  An American Manifesto
Tuesday July 29, 2014 
by Christopher Chantrill Follow chrischantrill on Twitter

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A Road to the Middle Class Special Feature:

Take the Test!

Here at www.roadtothemiddleclass.com we invite you to test your knowledge and understanding of the Road to the Middle Class. When was it built? How long is it? Where does it lead? Who is trying to wreck it? These are tough questions, but you may already know the answers!

So read each question, select your answer, and click the “Answers” button at the end of the test to display the answers and to find out how much you know. The questions that you missed will be helpfully displayed in red.

Part 1: Religion in America

1. Back in 1776, at the time of the Declaration of Independence, what percentage of colonial North Americans adhered to a church?
17% 39% 62% 86% Donīt know

2. In 1980, the year Ronald Reagan was elected president of the United States, what percentage of US residents adhered to a church?
17% 39% 62% 86% Donīt know

3. Where was the first Catholic Archbishop of New York born?
Boston Poland Italy Ireland Donīt know

4. How often does a Pentecostal church open in New York City?
one/week one/month one/year one/decade Donīt know

Part 2: Education in America

5. Back in 1850, as the common school system was spreading across the United States under the inspiration of Horace Mann, what percentage of Americans were literate?
15% 32% 55% 90% Donīt know

6. What was Horace Mannīs most extravagant claim for public education related to?
literacy economic growth crime immigrants Donīt know

7. After 170 years of public schooling in America, what percentage of adult Americans have trouble reading a bus schedule or filling out a job application form?
7% 15% 20% 37% Donīt know

8. What is the central idea in public education?
skills creativity socialization compulsion Donīt know

Part 3: Mutual Aid in America

9. Before the New Deal, how many working-class Americans belonged to fraternal associations?
23% 48% 55% 72% Donīt know

10. Which fraternal assocation uses the symbol of three intertwined loops?
Masons Elks Moose Oddfellows Donīt know

11. When was the first Oddfellows lodge founded?
1787 1805 1819 1867 Donīt know

12. In the spirit of the times, fraternal associations in the nineteenth century were segregated every which way. In what way were they notably not segregated?
class gender race religion Donīt know

Part 4: Living Under Law in America

13. Who was it that wrote: “we may say that the movement of the progressive societies has hitherto been a movement from Status to Contract?”
John Dewey Abraham Lincoln Walter Lippmann
Henry Maine Donīt know

14. Before the founding of the United States, there was Venice, a commercial republic. By what means was the Doge of Venice chosen?
election seize power committee inherit Donīt know

15. Why did the American farmers and miners get their living law incorporated into federal statute law?
they wrote it down they were white males they had guns
they bought Congress Donīt know

16. Why was Tammany Hall so eager to help immigrants? What did Tammany want in return?
contributions votes street fighters respect Donīt know



 

 TAGS


Faith & Purpose

“When we began first to preach these things, the people appeared as awakened from the sleep of ages—they seemed to see for the first time that they were responsible beings, and that a refusal to use the means appointed was a damning sin.”
Finke, Stark, The Churching of America, 1776-1990


Mutual Aid

In 1911... at least nine million of the 12 million covered by national insurance were already members of voluntary sick pay schemes. A similar proportion were also eligible for medical care.
Green, Reinventing Civil Society


Education

“We have met with families in which for weeks together, not an article of sustenance but potatoes had been used; yet for every child the hard-earned sum was provided to send them to school.”
E. G. West, Education and the State


Living Under Law

Law being too tenuous to rely upon in [Ulster and the Scottish borderlands], people developed patterns of settling differences by personal fighting and family feuds.
Thomas Sowell, Conquests and Cultures


German Philosophy

The primary thing to keep in mind about German and Russian thought since 1800 is that it takes for granted that the Cartesian, Lockean or Humean scientific and philosophical conception of man and nature... has been shown by indisputable evidence to be inadequate. 
F.S.C. Northrop, The Meeting of East and West


Knowledge

Inquiry does not start unless there is a problem... It is the problem and its characteristics revealed by analysis which guides one first to the relevant facts and then, once the relevant facts are known, to the relevant hypotheses.
F.S.C. Northrop, The Logic of the Sciences and the Humanities


Chappies

“But I saw a man yesterday who knows a fellow who had it from a chappie that said that Urquhart had been dipping himself a bit recklessly off the deep end.”  —Freddy Arbuthnot
Dorothy L. Sayers, Strong Poison


Democratic Capitalism

I mean three systems in one: a predominantly market economy; a polity respectful of the rights of the individual to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and a system of cultural institutions moved by ideals of liberty and justice for all. In short, three dynamic and converging systems functioning as one: a democratic polity, an economy based on markets and incentives, and a moral-cultural system which is plural and, in the largest sense, liberal.
Michael Novak, The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism


Action

The incentive that impels a man to act is always some uneasiness... But to make a man act [he must have] the expectation that purposeful behavior has the power to remove or at least to alleviate the felt uneasiness.
Ludwig von Mises, Human Action


Churches

[In the] higher Christian churches... they saunter through the liturgy like Mohawks along a string of scaffolding who have long since forgotten their danger. If God were to blast such a service to bits, the congregation would be, I believe, genuinely shocked. But in the low churches you expect it every minute.
Annie Dillard, Holy the Firm